1963 - Virgil Ware
In the tense atmosphere that followed a deadly church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, on September 15, 1963, Virgil Ware was killed by two white teenagers.
Born on December 6, 1949, Virgil Ware grew up in Alabama at a time when the South was divided by conflicts between supporters of racial equality and segregationists. After a church bombing killed four girls on September 15, 1963, two white teenagers shot and killed Ware that same day. His death was forgotten for years, but Ware is now recognized as being a casualty of the Civil Rights Movement.
Virgil Lamar Ware, known as Virgil Ware, was born on December 6, 1949. He grew up in Pratt City, a suburb of Birmingham, Alabama. The third of six children, Ware was an excellent student who enjoyed playing football and wanted to become an attorney.
When a bomb went off at Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church on the morning of Sunday, September 15, 1963, it killed four young girls (Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson and Cynthia Wesley) and sent racial tensions in the city spiraling to a new high. That day, Ware—unaware of the bombing—set out with his brother to find a bike so that he could take part in a paper route. It was while on this errand that Ware encountered two white 16-year-olds: Michael Lee Farley and Larry Joe Sims.
Farley and Sims—Eagle Scouts who had attended a segregationist rally earlier in the day—had heard of the bombing, and of the protests that were going on in the city. Thinking that Ware and his brother had been throwing rocks, Farley directed Sims to scare them by shooting Farley's handgun as they drove past on a motorbike. After Sims fired, Ware tumbled off the handlebars of his brother's bike. Sims and Farley did not stop to find out why.
Hit in the chest and face, the 13-year-old Ware died on the Docena-Sandusky Road on the outskirts of Birmingham. In addition to the young women killed in the bombing, Ware's September 15, 1963 death followed that of Johnny Robinson, who had been killed by a policeman a short time earlier.
When confronted by police, Sims confessed to shooting Ware, saying he had done so accidentally, as he had fired with his eyes closed. Sims and Farley were charged with first-degree murder. At trial, Sims was convicted of second-degree manslaughter; Farley pled guilty to the same charge. They were both sentenced to seven months in jail, but a judge then altered the penalty, giving them two years' probation instead. Decades later, Sims and Farley both apologized to Ware's family.
Buried with no headstone, the condition of Ware's grave deteriorated over the years. After a news story shared this information, donations were sent in to help. Ware was reburied in a new grave, with a marker, in 2004.
Though the deaths of the four girls received more attention for years, Ware is now acknowledged as another "foot soldier" of the Civil Rights Movement. In 2013, he was inducted into Birmingham's Gallery of Distinguished Citizens.