1919 - The Red Summer: The Chicago Race Riots (watch)
The Red Summer refers to the summer and early autumn of 1919, which was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the United States, as a result of race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities and one rural county. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans. In some cases many blacks fought back, notably in Chicago.
The Chicago race riot of 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois on July 27, 1919 and ended on August 3. During the riot, thirty-eight people died (23 African American and 15 white) and over five hundred were injured. It is considered the worst of the approximately 25 riots during the Red Summer. The combination of prolonged arson, looting, and murder was the worst race rioting in the history of Illinois.